Top Programming Languages for a Full Stack Web Developer

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The article is about the languages that a Full Stack web developer must learn.

For active full-stack development, it is wise to gain some valuable and in-depth understanding of all the necessary and common programming languages and technology stacks so that you can build a strong knowledge and application base. This article will discuss the main programming languages that you will need to learn as a full-stack developer.

HTML, CSS, JavaScript

HTML and CSS, along with JavaScript, are universal front-end development languages. Hence, you have to gain a thorough knowledge of the very basics before you proceed to learn the back-end languages. 

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, which is used only for creating web pages. Your web page may comprise text content, audio content, video content, and several other elements. 

HTML stands as the primary language for web development, and the latest version includes all the features that you will need for an active front-end development. With HTML, you can also create a concrete structure of your web page.

Along with HTML, you will also have to learn CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). HTML helps you form and strengthen the structure of your web page, CSS deals with the appearance of your web page. Your CSS code determines how your web page looks and feels in front of the viewers. With CSS, you can save an ample amount of time because you can use one CSS file for numerous web pages.

As a novice developer/ programmer, when you begin learning JavaScript, you will need to allow some time to get familiar with algorithms and data structures at the very base level. It will help you break major problems into specific points such that you can detect the core pain point and solve issues very quickly. 

JavaScript stands as the third most popular language among web developers for hire owing to its excellent front-end development functionalities. Among the major sites using JavaScript are YouTube and Facebook. JavaScript is a highly dynamic scripting language with which you can include animations, update your content, and perform several dynamic and powerful functions. 

HTML deals with the structure of your web page, CSS deals with the appearance, and JavaScript deals with the interface. Hence, you will need to learn all the three of them to set your front-end game strong.


Shifting the discussion from front-end to back-end programming languages, the first language taken into consideration is Python. You will get several languages for server-side programming, but Python is the most popular among them all. Python is a highly versatile and dynamic language. It comes with applications in several fields that include Data Science, Machine Learning, back-end development, and more. 

Even if you are a beginner, there is no need to be worried. Python is an easy-to-learn language, even for beginners. You can effortlessly manage it and use it for building apps as well. The syntax of Python is exact and significantly similar to the English Language. Hence, when you try to interpret a code or learn a new thing, you will not have to come across any complicated difficulty. For getting further proficient with back-end development, you will have to learn the Django framework, which is also developed in Python.

80% of the most popular computer science programs teach Python as an introductory language to their trainees. It enforces a proper indentation, and hence, you will have to be very clear about how you are organizing your loops, conditions, and other relevant program logic. It is a general-purpose programming language, and you can create almost any type of software or program with Python.

Django is open-source and is easy-to-learn, just like Python. Giants like Spotify and Mozilla are built on Django. Python is highly preferred mainly due to its flexibility and simplicity. 


MEAN stands as an established stack of web frameworks consisting of MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js. Every framework among the above fulfills a specific purpose. You will need to learn all of them to get on board with full-stack development. The best part is, Full Stack developers for hire will not need to learn several full-stack programming languages to learn and implement the MEAN stack. 

MEAN is wholly based on JavaScript, i.e., all the MEAN stack frameworks use JavaScript. Hence, you learn MEAN stack very quickly once you have learned JavaScript quite well. MEAN comes with several features that make it ideal for full-stack development.

MongoDB is instrumental for the database, Express.js for building web applications, AngularJS for front-end development, and NodeJS for the back-end part of the development project. Each tool is efficient and robust and allows you to execute full-stack development without investing much effort. 

MEAN comes with a single language, i.e., JavaScript, and all programmers can use it for both back end and front end. Hence, with MEAN, you can write the web application code, the database code, and the client code. 

Node.js, paired with Socket.IO, gives you fantastic speed increasing your possibility to build few highly interactive applications. MongoDB removes the restrictions of necessarily having a more structured database. Hence, you will be able to save more data and also change the type of items you save very quickly any time you want. 

AngularJS, as the front-end framework, stresses on real-time UI updates within a single-page application model.

The MEAN frameworks help you develop faster and save much valuable time. The versatility and rapid deployment of MEAN make it a popular choice among large organizations like Google, Netflix, Uber, and Amazon.

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is yet another full-stack development framework and has been chosen as a technology stack by giants like Twitter, Basecamp, etc. When you learn Rails, you will gain a better understanding of all the core web concepts.

Ruby on Rails comes with excellent built-in support for MVC and REST. It is a stable and mature framework with robust online support. When you combine the Rail subsystems with MEAN, they work together smoothly. It also comes with a vibrant third-party ecosystem of add-ins enabling you to build web apps very fast.

These were the programming languages for Full-Stack web development. Hope you find this article useful.